自考英语阅读(二)词汇UNIT9-12

UNIT 9 HOW DO HOMING PIGEONS FIND HOME?GLOSSARYability n. power and skill, esp. to do, thi…

UNIT 9 HOW DO HOMING PIGEONS FIND HOME?

GLOSSARY

ability n. power and skill, esp. to do, think, act, make etc. 能力,才能

accurate a. free of mistakes; exactly correct 准确的;精确的

biology n. the scientific study of living thing 生物学

blur v. make difficult to see (through or with) clearly 把…弄得模糊不清

brass n. a very hard bright yellow metal, a mixture of copper and zinc 黄铜

built-in a. internally fixed 内在的,固定的

compass n. an instrument for showing direction, usu. consisting of a free-moving magnetic needle which always moves to point to the north 指南针

complex a. difficult to understand or explain 难以理解的;复杂的

extra a. beyond what is usual or necessary 额外的

measure v. find the size, length, amount, etc. 量;测量;估量

messenger n. a person who brings one or more pieces of information 送信者;使者

mystery n. sth. which can not be explained or understood 神秘的事物;难以解释的事物

navigate v. direct the course of ( a ship, plane, etc.) 导航

overcast a. dark with clouds 多云的;阴暗的

race v. compete in speed 比速度;参加竞赛

shift v. change in position or direction; move from one place to another 转变;转移

biological clock 生物钟

gelatin n. 动物胶

magnetic a. 有磁性的

10 WALKING IN SPACE

GLOSSARY

astronaut n. a person who travels through space in a space vehicle 宇航员

attain v. reach 到达

comparable a. capable of being compared 可比较的

conquest n. gaining control over 征服,赢得

cosmos n. the whole universe 宇宙

crush v. press or be pressed, so that there is breaking or injury 压碎,榨

demonstrate vt. show clearly by giving proofs or examples 表演,演示

deprive v. take away from; prevent from using or enjoying 剥夺,使丧失

diffuse v. cause to spread out freely in all directions 使扩散,使渗出

directly ad. straightly 直率地

disappointed a. sad at not getting what was hoped for 失望的

disk n. round, flat-like object 圆盘状物

distance n. the amount of separation in space or time 时空上的距离

drift v. float or be driven along by wind, waves or current 漂移,使漂流

equip v. provide with what is necessary 装备,配备

feat n. noteworthy achievement 功绩

gravity n. force of attraction between any two objects, esp. that force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth 引力,重力

inkling n. hint 暗示、细微的迹象

permit v. allow 允许

phenomenon n. fact or event that appears to or is perceived by the senses 现象

previous a. happening, coming or being earlier in time or order 先前的,过早的

realm n. complete domain 领域,范围

relief n. elevation of land surfaces 地势的起伏

resemble v. look or be like 像,类似

resistance n. force opposed to anything moving 抵抗力,阻力

revolution n. circular movement round a fixed point 旋转,绕转

revolve v. spin or go round in a circle 旋转,绕转

simultaneously at the same time 同时地

spaceship a vehicle able to travel in space 宇宙飞船

subject (to) v. bring under control; cause to undergo or experience; expose 使隶属;使遭受;使暴露

swell up increase in fullness and roundness 膨胀

twinkle v. shine with a light that gleams unsteadily 闪烁,闪耀

wanderings n. movement from place to place 漫游,闲逛

bellows n. 风箱

gravitation n. 万有引力,地心引力

satellite n. 卫星

shutter n. (照相机)快门

velvet n. 天鹅绒

UNIT 12 DO WE NEED EXTRA VITAMINS?

GLOSSARY

appetite n. physical desire for food 食欲

application n. use应用

arise v. come into existence; appear 出现

attendant a. connected with 伴随的;有联系的

authority n. the power or right to make others obey and believe 权;权力

category n. spanision or class in a complete system or grouping 种类

challenge v. question the lawfulness or rightness of 对…表示异议,怀疑

compensate v. give sth. to make up 弥补

confine v. restrict 限制

contender n. rival, competitor 竞争者;对手

deficiency n. the state of being short of 缺乏;不足

derive v. get 获得,得到

describe v. say what is like 描写;描述

dictate v. drive 驱使

element n. a small amount 小量

excrete v. get rid of waste from the body 排泄

genuine a. real 真正的

guardian n. one who is responsible for the care of a person and his property 保护人

indiscriminately ad. as one wishes 随心所欲地

inspanidual n. a single being 个人

instinctively ad. subconsciously 本能地,下意识地

investigate v. make a careful study of 调查

junk n. material of poor quality 劣质品

lapse n. shortage 缺乏

mimic v. appear so like 酷似

pertinent a. relevant 有关的,相干的

potent a. strongly effective 有效力的

prudent a. careful 谨慎的;小心的

purchase n. buying 买

relieve v. lessen 减轻

replace v. take the place of 取代

resort n. the thing offering help 所求助的东西

rubbish n. waste material 垃圾;废物

safeguard n. the thing to give protection 保护物

scarcely ad. almost not 几乎不

super a. wonderful 极好的

supplement n. sth. added 添加物

teetotaler n. one who never touches wine 滴酒不沾的人

trial n. testing 试验

ubiquitous a. appearing or existing everywhere 无处不在的

calory n.(热量)卡

carbohydrate n. 碳水化合物

clinical a. 临床的

density n. 浓度

dose n. 剂量

hamburger n. 汉堡包

mineral n. 矿物质

nutrition n. 营养

nutritious n. 营养的

pizza n.(意大利)馅饼

placebo n.安慰药

prophylactic a. 预防性的

protein n. 蛋白质

psychological a. 心理上的

psychology n.心理学

snack n. 快餐

symptom n. 症状

therapeutic a. 治疗的

therapy n. 疗法

urine n. 尿

vitamin n. 维生素

UNIT 11 DO WE NEED EXTRA VITAMINS?

GLOSSARY

appetite n. physical desire for food 食欲

application n. use应用

arise v. come into existence; appear 出现

attendant a. connected with 伴随的;有联系的

authority n. the power or right to make others obey and believe 权;权力

category n. spanision or class in a complete system or grouping 种类

challenge v. question the lawfulness or rightness of 对…表示异议,怀疑

compensate v. give sth. to make up 弥补

confine v. restrict 限制

contender n. rival, competitor 竞争者;对手

deficiency n. the state of being short of 缺乏;不足

derive v. get 获得,得到

describe v. say what is like 描写;描述

dictate v. drive 驱使

element n. a small amount 小量

excrete v. get rid of waste from the body 排泄

genuine a. real 真正的

guardian n. one who is responsible for the care of a person and his property 保护人

indiscriminately ad. as one wishes 随心所欲地

inspanidual n. a single being 个人

instinctively ad. subconsciously 本能地,下意识地

investigate v. make a careful study of 调查

junk n. material of poor quality 劣质品

lapse n. shortage 缺乏

mimic v. appear so like 酷似

pertinent a. relevant 有关的,相干的

potent a. strongly effective 有效力的

prudent a. careful 谨慎的;小心的

purchase n. buying 买

relieve v. lessen 减轻

replace v. take the place of 取代

resort n. the thing offering help 所求助的东西

rubbish n. waste material 垃圾;废物

safeguard n. the thing to give protection 保护物

scarcely ad. almost not 几乎不

super a. wonderful 极好的

supplement n. sth. added 添加物

teetotaler n. one who never touches wine 滴酒不沾的人

trial n. testing 试验

ubiquitous a. appearing or existing everywhere 无处不在的

calory n.(热量)卡

carbohydrate n. 碳水化合物

clinical a. 临床的

density n. 浓度

dose n. 剂量

hamburger n. 汉堡包

mineral n. 矿物质

nutrition n. 营养

nutritious n. 营养的

pizza n.(意大利)馅饼

placebo n.安慰药

prophylactic a. 预防性的

protein n. 蛋白质

psychological a. 心理上的

psychology n.心理学

snack n. 快餐

symptom n. 症状

therapeutic a. 治疗的

therapy n. 疗法

urine n. 尿

vitamin n. 维生素

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