自考英语阅读(二)词汇UNIT24-28

UNIT 24 CALL FOR ATOM PLANT PROBEGLOSSARYaccident-prone a. likely to have accidents 特别易出事故…

UNIT 24 CALL FOR ATOM PLANT PROBE

GLOSSARY

accident-prone a. likely to have accidents 特别易出事故的

build-up n. increase or development; forming steadily 增大;逐步建立

considerable a. fairly large or great in amount, size or degree 很大的,可观的

controversial a. likely to cause or causing much argument or disagreement引起争论的

crack down take disciplinary action against 对……采取严厉措施,对……进行制裁

defective n. a. faulty; imperfect 有缺陷的

deficiency n. state of having none or not enough缺乏,不足

deteriorate v. become worse in quality 变质,恶化

discharge v. send, pour or let out (gas, liquid, etc.) 排出;n. the action of discharging; sth. discharged 排出;排出物

disturbing n. causing anxiety 扰乱,打扰

disused a. no longer used 不用的,废弃的

exclusive a. published by only one newspaper at first; not shared with others 独家报到的;独占的,专有的

inadequate a. not good enough in quality, ability, size, etc. 不适当的,不充足的

initiative n. the first movement or act which starts sth. happening 首创,发端

inspectorate n. a group of inspectors 视察团

inspection n. official visit to judge the quality of sth. or to see that rules are obeyed 视察

maintenance n. keeping sth. in good condition, by making repairs to it and taking care of it 保养,维修

mitigate v. make less severe 使缓和

munitions n. large arms for war, such as bombs, guns, etc. 军火

obsolete a. no longer used; out of date 已废弃的;过时的

probe n. careful and thorough inquiry or examination 探究radiation n. sending out light, heat, etc. 放射,辐射

renew v. give new life and freshness to; repeat 使更新;重复

restore v. give back or bring back; make well or normal again 使恢复,使回复

robust a. vigorous 强健的

scrutiny n. careful and thorough examination; close study or look. 仔细检查,详尽研究

Silo n. a tall cylindric tower or pit 筒仓

sprawl v. spread; stretch out 伸展开;蔓延

urgent a. very important, esp. which must be done or dealt with quickly or first 紧要的

ventilation n. the passing into and around a room, building, etc. of fresh air (空气等的)流通

caesium n. 铯

complex n. 综合企业

oxy-acetylene 氧乙炔的

radioactive a. 放射性的

strontium n. 锶

UNIT 25

GLOSSARY

absurd a. against reason or common sense, clearly false or foolish 不合理,荒谬的,可笑的,愚蠢的

abundant a. more than enough 丰富的,充裕的

ban v. forbid esp. by law 禁止

breeding n. the producing of young by animals, birds, etc. 生育,繁殖

disregard v. pay no attention to, ignore 不理,不顾,漠视,无视

spanerse a. different, various 不一样的,多种多样的

drastic a. strong, sudden, and often violent or severe 激烈的,猛烈的

durable a. long-lasting 耐用的,持久的

encroach v. take more than what is right, usual or natural; invade 侵犯,侵占,吞食

enforce v. cause rules or laws to be carried out effectively; make (sth.) happen by force 实施,执行,强制,强迫

eradicate v. destroy complete 根除,消灭,歼灭

eradication n. extinction, putting an end to (a species) 灭绝,消灭

exploitation n. the act of using fully so as to get profit 开发利用

floe n. large mass of ice floating on the surface of the sea 大块浮冰

gigantic a. usually large in amount or size 巨大的,庞大的

impose v. establish officially 正式确立

indiscriminately ad. unselectively; randomly; not chosen carefully 无选择地,不加选择地,不分青红皂白的

invade v. enter into and spoil; attack and spread into so as to take control of (a country, city, etc.) 侵入,侵略

lull n. pause; a period in which activity is less 暂停,间歇,停滞期

migrate v. travel regularly from one part to another according to the season; change one‘s place of living, esp. for a limited period 定期移栖,迁移

proceed v. continue 继续

profitable a. resulting in money gain; money making 有益的,有利可图的,有钱赚的

protest n. (statement of) disapproval or objection 抗议,反对

quota n. a limit on numbers 定额,限额

recommend v. prescribe; speak in favor of 建议,推荐

revival n. rebirth or renewal 再生,新生,恢复

revive v. come back into use or existence 两次利用,再生

roam v. walk or travel without any definite aim or destination over or through (a country ) 漫步,漫游

sanctuary n.( a place of) protection or safety from harm 避难所,庇护所

shift v. move from one place to another; change in position or direction 转移,移动,转变,转向

slaughter n. killing of animals 屠宰

sleek a. ( of hair or fur) smooth and shining (毛发等)油光发亮的

suntan n. browning of the skin from exposure to sunlight 晒黑

temporary a. lasting only for a limited time 暂时的,临时的

transform v. change completely in form, appearance or nature 彻底改变,改造,改革

crayon n.彩色蜡笔

lotion n. 护肤液

UNIT 26 ARE THESE THE BEST YEARS OF YOUR LIFE?

GLOSSARY

adolescence n. young teenager of about 13~16岁青春期;青春(通常指13~16岁少年)

ailment n. illness 病;精神不安

apparently ad. clearly, obviously 明显地

blissful a. extremely happy 非常幸福;极乐的

bonus n. anything pleasant in addition to what is expected 意想不到的收获

cope v. handle; deal successfully with sth. 处理

decline v. decrease; move from a better to worse position 减少;下降

deny v. refuse to accept as true 否定;不接受

spanorce v. end a marriage between husband and wife 离婚

efficient a. working well and without waste 效率高的

expectancy n. the state of expecting 期待,期望

foster v. help to grow and develop 培养;促进

guarantee v. give a promise of quality, payment or fulfilment 保证;担保

incidence n. the rate of happening 发生率

infection n. the state or result of disease being put into body 传染;感染

ingenuity n. skill and cleverness in making and arranging things 机灵;独创性

intact a. whole, uninjured; healthy 未受损的;完整的

internist n. a doctor who specializes in internal medicine 内科医生

maturity n. the state of being fully grown and developed 成熟

measure n. degree or amount 程度;分量;测量

neurotic a. affected with nervous disorder 神经病的;神经过敏的

outlive v. live longer than 活过…,比…经久

pessimism n. tendency to look at the worst aspect of things 悲观

predictable a. that can be seen or told in advance 可预言的

prime n. the time of greatest perfection, strength or activity 全盛时期

reassure v. comfort and make free from anxiety 使放心

resistance n. opposition, standing against 抵抗,反抗

share v. have in common 分享;分担

smart a. vigorous, quick in thinking, clever 精明的,灵巧的

statistical a. of collected numbers which represent facts or measurement 统计的

suicide n. an act of killing oneself 自杀

veteran n. a person who has had long experience 老手;有的人

anabolism n. 细胞生长

arthritis n. 关节炎

catabolism n. 细胞死亡

nutrient n. 营养素

psychologist n. 心理学家

rheumatism n. 风湿病

sonata n. (音乐)奏鸣曲

UNIT 27

GLOSSARY

abscond v. go away suddenly and secretly because one has done sth. wrong or against the law (为躲避罪责,债务等而)潜逃

assault n. unlawful attack with blows against another person 攻击,袭击

bastard n. ruthless, insensitive person, illegitimate child 坏种,讨厌鬼,私生子

bumble v. speak without making much sense, or so that the words are hard to hear clearly 语无伦次,说话含糊

burglary n. the crime of entering a building by force with the intention of stealing 入室盗窃,夜盗行为

butchery the trade of killing, cutting and selling animals for food 屠宰业

cash n. money in coin or notes 现金

conviction n. finding (someone) guilty for a crime 发现有罪,证明有罪

credit n. belief of others that a person, business company can pay debt, or will keep a promise to pay 信用

dismember v. cut or tear (a body) apart, limb from limb 割下(动物的)肢,肢节

distressed a. suffering great pain, discomfort or sorrow 痛苦的,不舒服的,难受的,悲情的

dump v. drop carelessly 倾倒,把…砰地一扔

elope v. run away from home 私奔,出走

embark v. go on board a ship 上船

environ n. surrounding 周围,附近地区

epitaph n. words commemorating a dead person 纪念死者的诗文,墓志铭

indecent assault an attack with blows and some from of sexual violence 强迫猥亵,非礼

milk v. get money by clever of dishonest means 以巧妙或虚假方式取得金钱

monitor v. observe and watch by means of an electronic receiver (camera) 监视,监控

pose v. set oneself up as; claim to be 摆出,使自己成为,自称

schedule n. plan for a certain future time 计划表,程序表

scrap n. a small piece; bit 小块,少许,一点

scrawl n. sth. written awkwardly or fast or carelessly 潦草模糊的字迹

semi-literate a. partly able to read and write 半文盲的,能读而不能写的

serial a. of or forming a series (set) 连续的,一系列的

sinner n. one who has disobeyed God; wrongdoer (宗教,道德上的)罪人

squad n. small group of persons working or being trained together 小组,小队

traffic v. trade 交易,买卖

victim n. a person (or animal or thing) that suffers death (pain, harm, etc.) as a result of other people‘s actions 受害者,牺牲者,受骗者

vigil n. staying awake; remaining watchful for some purpose 彻底清醒,守夜,值夜

heroin n. 海洛因

quarry n. 采石场

UNIT 28 THE WORLD OF MICROBES

GLOSSARY

annoy v. cause trouble; make a little angry 打搅;使生气

arithmetic n. calculation by numbers; the science of numbers 算术,代数

bacteria n. very small living things, some of which cause diease 细菌

brook n. a small stream 小溪

complicated a. made up of many parts ;complex 复合的,复杂的

conquer v. defeat; be victorious over 征服

constant a. continuous; without break 持续不断的

convenient a. suited to one‘s needs 方便的

crumb n. small piece of bread 面包屑

destroy v. tear down or apart; ruin 摧毁,毁坏

disease n. (an) illness or disorder caused by infection or unnatural growth, not by an accident 疾病

favourite n. sth. or sb. loved above all others 特别喜爱的人或物

fertile a. (of land) which produces or can produce good crops 肥沃的

foil n. metal beaten or rolled into very thin paper like sheets 金属薄片,箔

harmful a. damaging 有害的

jelly n. a sweet soft food substance that shakes when moved, made with gelatin 果冻,肉冻,冻

lava n. rock in a very hot liquid state flowing from an ex ploding mountain (volcano) 熔岩

magnify v. make (sth.) appear larger than in reality 放大

microbe n. a living creature that is so small that it can not be seen without a microscope, and that may cause disease 微生物

moisture n. water, or other liquids, in small quantities in the form of steam or mist 潮气

moldy a. covered with soft woolly growth on bread or cheese, etc. 发霉的

multiply v. breed 繁殖

pickle n. vegetable in a type of liquid (esp. vinegar or salt water ) 泡菜

pinch n. an amount that can be picked up between the thumb and a finger (一)捏,微量

quantity n. a measurable property of something 量,数量

settle v. come to rest, esp. from above 着落,停留

split v. spanide into separate parts 分开,劈开,切开

spoil v. (cause to)decay or lose goodness 糟塌,使变坏

stack v. make into or form a neat pile 堆起

surround v. be all around on every side 包围

volcano n. mountain with a large opening at the top through which melting rock, steam, gases etc. escape from time to time 火山

aluminum n. 铝

corkscrewshape n. 螺旋体

marble n. 儿童游戏用的一种弹珠

mildew n. 霉

penicillin n. 青霉素

sauerkraut n. 泡菜

streptomycin n. 链霉素

vinegar 醋

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